With just 35 days to go before the COP24 is held in Katowice, renowned research institutes continue to publish reports and studies shedding light on the current situation.
In this vein, the Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment and Centre for Climate Change Economics and Policy, both of London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE), as well as the World Research Institute, have evaluated countries legislative performance regarding Paris Agreement compliance.
The researchers found that of 197 signatory states, 157 have set economy-wide emissions reductions targets in their ‘Nationally Determined Contributions’ (NDCs). However, just 58 have translated their Paris Agreement commitments into national law, and of those 58 countries, just 16 have set national laws that are as ambitious as they should be for consistency with the Paris Agreement.
The 16 countries with targets in national policies and laws that are compatible with their NDCs are Algeria, Canada, Costa Rica, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Indonesia, Japan, FYR Macedonia, Malaysia, Montenegro, Norway, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Samoa, Singapore, and Tonga.
Reportedly, those 157 that have committed to NDCs in the Paris Agreement accounted for 95% of global annual emissions in 2014. By contrast, the 58 countries that have translated these NDCs into national law account for 49% of global annual emissions.